UNZ: 26-06-2024,

Credit Image: © Mary Evans via ZUMA Press

Credit Image: © Mary Evans via ZUMA Press

Throughout most of American history, the survival of whites was assured and taken for granted. The United States was founded by whites and our leaders believed it should remain white. The 1790 Naturalization Act, passed by the First Congress and signed into law by President George Washington, explicitly limited citizenship to whites.

Whites resented the non-whites who were already here. Indian attacks were a deadly reminder of the reality of racial conflict. These attacks lasted until the late 1800s and ended only after tribes were moved onto reservations. Indians did not become citizens of the US until 1924.

Slavery fractured the country in 1861. After Reconstruction, whites regrouped and continued building the United States. It seemed as if we had learned our lessons about the reality of race. Segregation in the South and freedom of association in the rest of the US protected whites from black crime and violence. Immigration actually boosted the percentage of whites as immigrants poured in from Ireland, Germany, Scandinavia and then Eastern and Southern Europe.

One hundred years ago, whites seemed to be secure. The Immigration Act of 1924 locked in the white and even Nordic character of the United States, but this lasted only 40 years. By the mid-1960s, whites had lost all the major civil rights cases and the 1965 Hart-Cellar Act opened up the country to Third World immigration.

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